Though Bangladesh has a very new history of independence, it has an enriched historical background. It includes many historical monuments and archaeological areas that display the evidence of hundreds or thousand years old history in this area. This article shows you some of these remarkable historical places in Bangladesh.
Central Shaheed Minar
The Central Shaheed Minar is a national monument in Bangladesh. It is established to commemorate those golden children of Bangladesh who sacrificed their lives during the Bengali Language Movement demonstrations in 1952.
On 21st February 1952, students of Dhaka University and Dhaka Medical College along with other political activists protest the declaration of Urdu as the national language of the then East Pakistan. They demand official status for their native tongue, Bengali and start a movement breaking section 144. Police force opened fire on Bengali protesters and killed Salam, Rafique, Jabbar, Shafiq, Barakat, and many more protesters.
To commemorate the martyrs of Language Movements, the Shaheed Minar was designed and built the renown Bangladeshi sculptors Hamidur Rahman in collaboration with Novera Ahmed in 1963.
21st February is observed as National Mourning Day in Bangladesh. And since 2000, 21st February is recognized as International Mother Language Day by UNESCO in 1999.
You can have a short visit to this historical monument while visiting Dhaka.
Liberation War Museum
Liberation War Museum displays the original artifacts from the liberation war of Bangladesh. It includes the personal belonging of our martyrs, weapons used in the war, and the archive of documents and personal histories related to the war. There are a large number of collections, more than 21,000 artifacts in this museum. Having a visit to the Liberation War Museum reminds you of the heroic sacrifice of our great martyrs.
National Parliament House
The house of the parliament of Bangladesh is located in the Sher-e-Bangla Nagar in the capital city Dhaka. This finest architectural building is designed by world-renowned American architect Louis Kahn. It is one of the largest parliamentary complexes in the world. Crescent Lake, an artificial lake, surrounds three sides of the main building as the building looks like a Star in the middle of a Crescent from bird view. This place is one of the must-visit places in Dhaka.
Lalbagh Fort is one of the key tourist attractions in Dhaka. It is the 17th-Century Mughal Fort that stands before the river Buriganga. The then Mughal prince Muhammad Azam, the son of Aurangazeb, started the construction of the fort in 1678. The fort remains incomplete after he left the Bengal. Inside the Lalbagh Fort, there is the tomb of Pori Bibi, the daughter of Shaista Khan, the governor of Dhaka at that time. There is also a small museum inside the fort displaying Mughal painting and calligraphy with firearms and swords of Mughal.
Ahsan Manzil is situated at Kumartuli in the Old Dhaka along the bank of the Buriganga river. It was the residential palace of the Nawab of Dhaka. This significant architectural monument was built by Nawab Abdul Gani and named it after his son Khawaza Ahsanullah. The construction work of this building was started in 1859 and was completed in 1872. Now, Ahsan manzil is designated as a national museum. It is one of the key attractions of tourists who want to visit Dhaka.
Sixty Dome Mosque
The Sixty Dome Mosque or Shait Gambuj Mosque is located in the Bagerhat district in Khulna Division. It is 200 miles far from the capital city of Bangladesh. The mosque is a part of the Mosque City of Bagerhat and also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Ulugh Khan Jahan, the governor of the Sundarbans, built Shait Gambuj Mosque. The mosque has been described as ‘One of the Impressive Muslim Monuments in the whole Indian subcontinent.
Sonargaon, a historic city in central Bangladesh, is located near the old Brahmaputra River. It is used to consider as Capital City of the historic Bengal and was an Administrative Center of eastern Bengal.
The Wari-Bateshwar Ruins, to the north of Sonargaon, was considered to be the emporium of Sounagoura as Greco-Roman writers say. Sonargaon was the center of trade of Muslims in Bengal and was ruled by Vanga and Samanta kingdom during antiquity. [wikipedia]
Somapura Mahavihara is located in Paharpur, Naogaon District in Bangladesh. It was the second-largest Buddhist monastery in the Indian Subcontinent and important archaeological sites in Bangladesh. The UNESCO declared it as a World Heritage Site in 1985.
The vihara includes 177 cells and traditional Buddist stupa in the center of the vihara and the outside walls are designed with ornamental terracotta plaques. The Somapura Vihara was an important center for Buddhists, Jains, and Hindus alike.
Mahasthangarh is one of the oldest archaeological sites in Bangladesh, dates to the 3rd century B.C. Mahasthan word means the place that has excellent spirituality and Garh means fort. It was the capital city of ancient Pundra Vardhan Bhukti about two thousand and five hundred years ago in the 8th century. Mahasthangarh is situated in the Bogra town in the bank of Korotoa River.
Archaeological evidence says that the Mahasthangarh was the capital of Mauryans, the Guptas, the Palas, the Feudal Hindu Kings of a later period. The whole area is rich in Hindu, Buddhist, and Muslim sites which attracts visitors who love archaeological and historical sites.
History says that in the 17th and 18th century there was the presence of Americans in Dhaka. They established their own community there in the era of Mughal. And the American Church is a significant testimony of the presence of Americans in Dhaka city. Now, the authority of the American Church closes the Church. Micheal Joseph Martin was the last American who took care of the church. It is recognized as an archaeological site under the jurisdiction of the department of architecture of the Bangladesh Government. You can have a visit to be a witness to this historical place.